What evidence has been found for gender differences in achievement motivation producing differences in math performance?

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What evidence has been found for gender differences in achievement motivation producing differences in math performance?

Question 14 options:

A) 

There’s no evidence that girls or boys are more likely to give up following academic failures.

B) 

Girls are more likely to increase effort in response to academic failures.

C) 

Boys are more likely to increase effort in response to academic failures.

D) 

Boys are generally more motivated to have greater academic achievements.

All of the following at ages 3-4 predicted math achievement at age 10 better than a child’s gender EXCEPT ______.

Question 15 options:

A) 

primary school effectiveness

B) 

number of friends

C) 

mother’s education

D) 

home learning environment

As discussed by Deborah Saucier and Crystal Ehresman (2010) in “The Physiology of Sex Differences”, when during male fetal development are the female reproductive organs repressed by to the release of testosterone?

Question 16 options:

A) 

1-2 weeks

B) 

just prior to birth

C) 

3-4 months

D) 

1 month

The status incongruity hypothesis argues that gender role violating women (e.g., those suceeding in the business word) are viewed negatively because they ______.

Question 17 options:

A) 

do not have the low social status that women are expected to have

B) 

are less warm and affable

C) 

threaten men’s feelings of economic security

D) 

justify gender hierarchies and the unjust status quo

What best describes the relative contributions of biology and environment to cognitive ability according to the biopsychosocial model discussed in your textbook?

Question 18 options:

A) 

Biological factors cause people to select certain experiences and environments that later affect cognitive ability.

B) 

Biology and environment interact to cause changes in one another, mutually shaping each other to produce changes in cognitive abilities.

C) 

Biological and environmental factors both affect cognitive abilities separately and independent of one another.

D) 

An individual’s learning experiences cause differences in biological structures related to cognitive abilities.

Which of the following is FALSE regarding the role of hormones in sex differentiation?

Question 19 options:

A) 

Gonads begin producing hormones by about the eighth week of gestation.

B) 

In XX chromosomal females, the ovaries produce hormones prenatally, which determine the child’s sex.

C) 

Androgens initiate the biological masculinization in male genitalia.

D) 

The genital ridge develops into female internal genitalia in the absence of androgens.

As discussed by Deborah Saucier and Crystal Ehresman (2010) in “The Physiology of Sex Differences”, which of the following is true of female reproductive organs

Question 20 options:

A) 

they are determined by the absence of the SRY gene

B) 

they are determined by the presence of the FOXL 2 and FIG X proteins

C) 

they occur by default

D) 

they are determined by the presence of estrogen and progesterone

 
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