What factors place a patient in a health care setting at risk for infections?

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Patient safety and infection control (Chapter 27 and 29)



Question 1Points: 4.00

  1. How does safety help contain costs as well as reduce illness and injury?
  2. Which environmental hazards can pose risks to a person’s safety.
  3. Which preventive actions are in place for motor vehicle accidents, poisoning, falls, fire, and disasters(Remember immunizations, hand washing etc…..)
  4. How does the patient’s developmental stage create threats to safety?

Question 2Points: 4.00

  1. Review what to assess to ensure the safe use of restraints.
  2. What are the four categories of safety risks in a health care agency?
  3. Basing your answers on the four categories, what ways can, you as a new RN, can prevent accidents in your agency?
  4. What are the blocks to safety in a health care setting?

Question 3Points: 4.00

  1. What is the relationship between chain and transmission of infection
  2. What factors place a patient in a health care setting at risk for infections?
  3. What are the most common ports of entry and exit, What does an organism require to exist within a reservoir?
  4. How does the human body defend against infection?

Question 4Points: 4.00

  1. Discuss age, nutritional status, stress, and the current disease process as risk factors for infection.
  2. What is the difference between a systemic and localized infection?
  3. How do chronic diseases such as diabetes and multiple sclerosis affect the risk of infection?
  4. Define and contrast surgical asepsis with medical asepsis.

Question 5Points: 4.00

  1. Explain standard  precautions and give two examples of diseases transmitted via blood
  2. What is the difference between hand washing and hand hygiene?
  3. Discuss laboratory tests that screen for infection
  4. Describe the needed steps and precautions for applying a surgical mask, sterile gown, and sterile gloves.

Question 6Points: 4.00

  1. Discuss isolation, isolation precautions, and associated procedures.
  2. Review contact, droplet, and airborne precautions and protective environment.
  3. For each type of isolation, what precautions should you take?
  4. What are the psychological implications for isolation?

Question 7Points: 1.00

  1. Describe occupational exposure and the situations and actions that put health care workers at risk.
  2. What measures can you as a new RN take to avoid occupational exposure
  3. Once a healthcare worker is exposed, describe the post exposure process
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